3 Popular Acids Used in Chemical Peels

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What is a Chemical Peel?

chemical peel is a controlled burn where people pay a professional (like me) to correct the process and control the healing.  The chemicals are applied to the skin to remove the top layer of the skin and then the skin that grows back is healthier and smoother.  Chemical peels are often used to treat hyperpigmentation scars, sun damage, wrinkles, acne, and other concerns.  

Chemical Peels and Ethnic Skin  

When you schedule a chemical peel with Esthetics by P Brown, you’ll also receive 60 days minimum, skincare which includes the follow up appointment and the follow through appointment, so we can continue to deliver results.  Therefore, if you want the chemical peel, you’ll want to budget for $180, then depending on how deep we have to go – it can go up to $300.  However, I rarely have to go that deep.  A lot of clients come to me thinking they have really bad skin, but rarely do they have skin as bad as they think.

Let’s Talk About Acids and Ethnic Skin.  There are three popular acids used for chemical peels:

Glycolic Acid

Some estheticians favorite for ethnic skin, it’s an Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA).   A good place to get a hybrid Glycolic and organic Glycolic acid, is from the Aloe Vera plant.  Aloe Vera is a natural derivative of Glycolic acid.  

Traditionally, Glycolic Acid has always come with strong side effects because it has the smallest molecule.  So, let’s talk about what that looks like:  osmosis, cellular division, cellular wall penetration, and molecules.  Imagine a cellular barrier, and the fact that glycolic is the smallest molecule – it hits that barrier hard and breaks through to the back of the barrier. For us, Glycolic acid is a sledgehammer acid.  And your body is going to do what it is designed to do and it’s designed to put your body back in stasis and heal.   When that happens, your melanocytes

do what they do best: spread and flood the area.

Let’s talk quickly about anatomy:  Contrary to popular belief whether you are darkest of dark skin or fairest of fair skin, (from model Naomi Campbell to Frozen) we all have the same number of melanocytes.  What determines your pigment is not your melanocytes or rather, it’s not the number, it’s the reach.  So, if you’re fair skinned, your melanocytes are basically curled up like a fist, and if you’re dark skinned, they’re basically like a flat hand and in between is a loose claw, so when we’re working with ethnic skin, even Glycolic acid, it has to be able to work with our tyrosinase inhibitors.  What are tyrosinase inhibitors?  For my tribe, we call them melanin suppressants.  

And what are tyrosinase inhibitors going to do?  

They make sure, wherever you have an injury, it’s going to keep your melanocytes from flattening out like a hand and causing post inflammation hyperpigmentation. It’s going to remind your melanocytes to relax and remember that P Brown has everything under control.

For me personally, Glycolic acid is an inflammatory, it’s going to cause inflammation it can cause scarring, burning, itching, peeling, and flacking – it gives an instant false result.  I’ve seen that my clients have gone places or ordered a chemical peel off Amazon (never with me) and tried to do it themselves and they’ll come to me and say, it was beautiful, it was glowing but now I have tear drop and penpoint hyperpigmentation.  

Here’s the thing, estheticians are trained to use a black light to check the evenness of an acid so we know your acid is distributed evenly on your face… and Glycolic acid – is not my favorite acid.  I do use it with buffers, but I also have 4 of my own skincare lines so we can provide custom skincare.  I may at times use Glycolic acid for my clients with Cystic Acne.  

Salicylic Acid 

This acid is a Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA).  Salicylic Acid is an anti-bacterial acid and anti-inflammatory acid, it is amazing if you have oily skin and are acne prone.  With this acid, you really want to look at the % of acid, if you are looking at 5% or below – it’s really just like a toner and used as a long-term thing, it will give you the results you want over a prolonged period of time.  If you go above 5% you’re getting into the chemical peel range.  That is when you’ll have 3 days of peeling, 3 days of healing, and depending on how it’s mixed or how deep we go will depend on how deep the peel will be.  This one is definitely one of my favorites.

I cocktail it and use it a lot as Lactic acid.  Lactic acid is another AHA, I try not to use Lactic Acid with Vitamin C, because then it does become a little harsh for ethnic skin, especially if it’s at about a 5-7%, if you’re using a Lactic Acid with over 7 %, you really want to avoid sunlight and only use it at night.  It has a beautiful peeling process especially when it’s cocktailed.  

Side note: An AHA is going to work from the bottom up a BHA is going to work from the top to the bottom.  As above, so below – is how I train my estheticians, so it’s a great way to hit the skin cells from multiple angles.  I like to call it a “buffer” acid, it’s really not one we use for you to peel, it’s one we use for hydration benefits. 

Hyaluronic Acid 

This acid hydrates the skin barrier by 100%.  I apply it with a moisturizer and I use the Hyaluronic Acid powder along with Neomycin in my chemical peel cocktails.  With this method, you get minerals, vitamins and hydration – it feeds your skin.  

These are the three popular acids used for chemical peels.  Here at Esthetics by P Brown, we base our home care on three steps, polish, cleanse, and hydrate.  Exfoliation, then cleanse, then hydrate.  And with those 3 steps your exfoliation can be chemical or mechanical.  

I hope this was helpful and answered some of your questions.  To watch the video regarding Chemical Peels, click here.  If you have additional questions about chemical peels, please feel free to contact us.  We can be reached by phone at (615) 884 – 6744 or email us at estheticsbypbrown@yahoo.com.

Also, remember to follow us on social media:
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As Always, we look forward to hearing from you…

Chemical Peel for Vaginal Hyperpigmentation

Hey Tribe, this question was sent through my social media, I’m sharing in case anyone else has this question. 

QUESTION:

What can I do that is not as painful as laser treatments to remove hyperpigmentation from under my arms and my bikini area?  Is there a treatment that’s not high in cost and will it also treat ingrown hairs? 

ANSWER: YES

Most estheticians will do a variation of what we call our body peel.  This actually is something that I do (about) quarterly – because I have eczema on my body and I don’t want to look like a reptile.  

IT’S A BODY PEEL

So, yes, we do a body peel where we lay low-grade acids, like a Pumpkin Enzyme Acid, or I’ve done a Hibiscus Acid or an Apple Wine acid, something that is gentle enough to peel your intimate area but strong enough to lift up the hyperpigmentation.  We love anything that contains thorazine prohibitors, which will help prevent you from having hyperpigmentation during the healing process.  

72-HOUR WAIT

I will say, this as a disclaimer.  If you want to have relations as my grandmother would say, it is not the time within 3 days after this peel.  You don’t want to, because you are shedding, there’s nothing sexy about it.  Now, once you pass the 72-hour mark, your bikini area will look like it was poured from Jesus (so to say – smile).  Also, if you suffer from ingrown hairs, we’ve thinned out that excess ingrown hair that is kind of holding that ingrown hair in or that Folliculitis in and it’s going to slide out like pure butter.  And it’s going to even out your skin tone, those same problems happen up under your arm that will happen in the bikini area, so it’s not just let’s hold here.

PUMPKIN BENEFITS

To be clear, Glycolic Acid in my opinion is a sand blaster.  My exception to that rule, is if your Glycolic Acid comes from a natural derivative such as aloe or pumpkin.  While we love pumpkin lattes, pumpkin is the perfect enzyme to use on the bikini area, it will give you a flawless glow, even skin, reduce ingrown hairs and all jokes aside, tribe, it’s amazing!

I hope this was helpful and if it was, please leave me a comment below.  Also, please forward this post to anyone you know who would benefit from this information.

Also, if you have any questions about hyperpigmentation or any skincare questions in general, please feel free to call us at (615) 884 – 6744 or email us at estheticsbypbrown@yahoo.com.

Also, remember to follow us on social media:
FacebookTwitterYouTubeInstagram, and IGTV to see our upcoming classes, seminars, and videos.

Eliminating Hyperpigmentation from Ingrown Hair

close up photography of woman s face with freckles
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This question came from one of my social media sites. I’m sharing my answer to help others with this question.

QUESTION: Porsche, I now have hyperpigmentation on my jawline due to ingrown hair. I’ve been plucking the hair but what should I do? 

MY RESPONSE:

When you’re looking at ingrown hairs, I want you to consider exfoliation. Exfoliate and become very familiar with your exfoliator.  What I mean is – you need to know if the exfoliator is mechanical or chemical, large crystals or small crystals? 

It’s important to know what you are working with as you exfoliate. There are two types of ingrown hairs: 

  • Those that grow under the skin and never break the skin (may look like bumps). 
  • Those that grow out, flip over, and grow back into the skin. 

If you are plucking the hairs, you want to make sure that you are pulling (them out) in the right direction – whether you are tweezing, waxing, or sugaring – you want to pull in the opposite direction of which the hairs grow.

*Please make sure you sanitize whatever tools you use, because bacteria can cause ingrown hairs, bumps, acne, and a slew of other issues.

Now regarding Hyperpigmentation, there are several options:

  • You can use gentle enzymes or acids in your cleanser. 
  • You can receive a chemical peel. 
  • You can try treatments like LED Light Therapy 

The one caution I will note is whether or not you have Ethnic Skin.

When I say Ethnic Skin, I am referring to Asian, Hispanic, African, African American, etc. If you produce higher levels of Melanin, then you will want to use a Melanin Suppressant when you are doing corrective treatments. Failure to do so will impede the process. 

Our body is designed to self-correct and heal itself and if we neglect using the Melanin Suppressant in the process – it could make the hyperpigmentation darker.

MY SUGGESTIONS: 

  • Get a good home-care routine where you exfoliate and add light acids or enzymes in your cleanser. 
  • Go heavy on the nutrients in your moisturizer and obtain a good Melanin Suppressant – if you have ethnic skin.
  • Finally, receive a superficial to mid-depth chemical peel, twice a year to help with lightening that part of your skin. 

I hope this was helpful. If you or anyone you know has further questions about hyperpigmentation or any other skin care questions, please feel free to contact us.

Also contact us if you would like to schedule a virtual consultation, or to inquire about other services we offer. You may reach us by phone at (615) 884-6744 or by email at estheticsbypbrown@yahoo.com

Also, remember to follow us on social media:

IMG_1639

Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Snap Chat, Instagram, and IGTV to see our upcoming classes, seminars, and videos.

As Always, we look forward to hearing from you…